Kremas II, III, IV, and V
As to the "Leuchter report," we refer
you to the Leuchter Report FAQ. Foner omits
mention of the larger gas chambers of Kremas
II-V, in which over a million people were murdered.
Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews.
NY: Holmes & Meier, 1985.) provides
"What Piper said,
in effect - and on camera - was that the
explosive Leuchter Report was correct: No
homicidal gassings took place in the buildings
designated 'homicidal gas chambers' at Auschwitz."
At Birkenau, illusion
was the rule. It was not always simple or
possible, inasmuch as at least some of the
deportees had observed the sign "Auschwitz"
as the train passed through the railway
Elie. Night. NY: Bantam Books,
1982.) or had seen flames belching from
the chimneys, or had smelled the strange,
sickening odor of the crematoria. (Lengyel,
Olga. Five Chimneys : A Woman's True
Story of Auschwitz. IL: Academy Chicago
Pub., 1995.) Most of them, however,
like a group from Salonika, were funneled
through the undressing rooms, were told
to hang their clothes on hooks and remember
the number, and promised food after the
shower and work after the food.
The unsuspecting Greek
Jews, clutching soap and towels, rushed
into the gas chambers. (Müller,
Filip. et al. Eyewitness Auschwitz :
Three Years in the Gas Chambers. [No
publisher listed], 1979, pp. 80-81.)
Nothing was allowed to disturb this precarious
synchronization. When a Jewish inmate revealed
to newly arrived people what was in store
for them, he was cremated alive. (Müller,
80) Only in the case of victims who
were brought in from nearby ghettos in upper
Silesia (Sosnowiec and Bedzin) and who had
had intimations of Auschwitz was speed alone
essential. These people were told to undress
quickly in their "own best interest."
( Müller, 69-71)
And finally, consider these
remarks, from the SS Doctor Kremer, made during
a hearing held on 18 July, 1947. (Klee,
Ernst, Willi. Dressen, Volker Riess. The
Good Old Days: The Holocaust As Seen by Its
Perpetrators and Bystanders. NY: The
Free Press, 1992, p. 258.):
I remember I once took
part in the gassing of one of these groups
of women [from the women's camp in Auschwitz].
I cannot say how big the group was. when
I got close to the bunker I saw them sitting
on the ground. They were still clothed.
As they were wearing worn-out camp clothing
they were not left in the undressing hut
but made to undress in the open air. I concluded
from the behavior of these women that they
had no doubt what fate awaited them, as
they begged and sobbed to the SS men to
spare them their lives. However, they were
herded into the gas chambers and gassed.
As an anatomist I have
seen a lot of terrible things: I had had
a lot of experience with dead bodies, and
yet what I saw that day was like nothing
I had ever seen before. Still completely
shocked by what I had seen I wrote on my
diary on 5 September 1942:
"The most dreadful
of horrors. Hauptscharfuherer Thilo was
right when he said to me today that this
is the 'anus mundi', the anal orifice
of the world".
I used this image because
I could not imagine anything more disgusting