Discussion Of The Compulsory Evacuation of Jews
From The Wartheland to the Generalgouvernement
(January 30, 1940)
1. SS Gruppenfuehrer
Heydrich stated that
today's meeting was called on the instructions of the Reichsfuehrer
SS for the purpose of achieving a uniform policy in the offices involved
in carrying out the tasks of resettlement ordered by the Fuehrer. The
evacuations carried out up to now have consisted of approximately 87,000
Poles and Jews from the Warthegau in order to make room for the Baltic
Germans* who are to be settled there. In addition there has been a spontaneous,
so-called illegal, emigration.
Following statements by Reich Minister SS Gruppenfuehrer
Seyss-Inquart and SS Obergruppenfuehrer Kruger, SS Gruppenfuehrer Heydrich
noted that no objections in principle were raised against the evacuation
in the direction of the Generalgouvernement by the competent authorities
of the Generalgouvernement. The objections raised up to now had only
been directed against the fact that in the earlier evacuations the figures
originally set had been exceeded, and not kept to. The creation of Section
IV D 4 for the central regulation of all evacuation measures will eliminate
the objections that were raised.
It is of prime importance to move out 40,000 Jews
and Poles from the Warthegau into the Generalgouvernement to free space
for Baltic Germans. The policy for the selection is the Order of the
Reichsfuehrer SS, according to which, among other points, no persons
of German origin are to be moved, regardless of their record....
3. After the two mass evacuations:
a) of 40,000 Poles and Jews in the interests of the
Baltic Germans and
b) of about 120,000 Poles in the interests of the
Germans from Volhynia, there is now to be a final mass movement to shift
all Jews from the new Ostgau ** (Eastland) and 30,000 Gypsies from the
area of the Reich into the Generalgouvernement. As it has been decided
that the removal of 120,000 Poles is to begin about March 1940, the
evacuation of Jews and Gypsies will have to be postponed until after
the completion of Aktionen referred to above. In any case the Generalgouvernement
is to supply information on the system of distribution [of the evacuees]
in order that planning can begin.
SS Obergruppenfuehrer Krueger stated that fairly considerable
training areas would have to be prepared in the Generalgouvernement
for the Wehrmacht, Luftwaffe and SS, which would necessitate the relocation
of about 100,000-120,000 persons within the Generalgouvernement itself.
It was therefore desirable to take this fact into account in the evacuations
in the direction of the Generalgouvernement in order to avoid double
resettlement. SS Gruppenfuehrer Heydrich observed in this connection
that the building of the [defensive] ramparts and other plans in the
East would probably occasion the concentration of several 100,000 Jews
in forced-labor camps. Their families would be distributed among Jewish
families already living in the Generalgouvernement, which would solve
the problem referred to....
In the middle of February 1940, he observed, 1,000
Jews from Stettin, whose apartments were urgently needed for purposes
of the war economy, would also be evacuated to the Generalgouvernement.
SS Gruppenfuehrer Seyss-Inquart recapitulated the
number of persons that would have to be absorbed by the Generalgouvernement
in the immediate future, as follows:
40,000 Jews and Poles,
120,000 Poles and also all the Jews from the new Ostgau
and 30,000 Gypsies from the Altreich *** and the Ostmark [Austria].
He referred to the transport difficulties which the
German Railways would have to solve and, finally, also to the poor food
situation in the Generalgouvernement, which would not improve before
the next harvest. This would make it necessary for the Reich to continue
its subventions. Reich Minister Seyss-Inquart requested SS Gruppenfuehrer
Heydrich to support him on this issue if it should become necessary
to obtain further food subventions for the Generalgouvernement.
SS Brigadefuehrer Waechter requested that the evacuees,
who came from areas where the food situation was considerably better
than in the Generalgouvernement, should be provided with the appropriate
SS Gruppenfuehrer Heydrich noted in connection with
the transport difficulties referred to by Reich Minister Seyss-Inquart,
that this had already been taken into consideration, as all transport
was supervised centrally by the Reich Ministry of Transport, so as to
avoid the inefficient use of rolling stock. .
* Persons of German descent living in the Baltic countries,
who were to be concentrated within the area of the Reich in accordance
with the Nazi-German plan.
** The reference is to formerly Polish areas, which had been annexed
to the German Reich.
*** Germany before 1938.
Source: Nuremberg Documents NO-5322