Mauthausen Trial

(March 29-May 13, 1946)


On March 7, 1946, in Dachau, Germany, sixty-one former camp personnel and prisoners from Mauthausen were brought to trial in front of an American Military Tribunal. All of the defendants were charged with violation of the laws and usages of war, as well as with subjecting foreign nationals to killing, beating, torture, and starvation. Among those charged was August Eigruber, the former Gauleiter of Upper Austria and one of the people who helped establish the camp. The trial began March 29 and lasted only six weeks, with the court finding all sixty-one defendants guilty on May 11, saying that there was enough evidence of death by shootings, gassings, hangings and starvation to find every member of the camp personnel culpable. On May 13, the court sentenced fifty-eight of the defendants to death and gave the other three life sentences. Later, nine of the death sentences were reduced to life sentences. Those sentenced to death, including the commandant of the Tötenkopf guard, Viktor Zoller, were hanged on May 27-28, 1947, in the yard of the Landsberg prison. Franz Ziereis, commandant of Mauthausen, was shot after fleeing from the camp and later died of his wounds.

August Eigruber: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Hans Altfuldisch: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Viktor Zoller: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Josef Reigler: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Willy Brünning: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
SS Dr Friedrich - Karl Entress: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Emil Müller: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Kurt Keilwitz: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Heinrich Giese: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Franz Kautny: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Walter Höhler: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Adolf Rutka: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Johannes Grimm: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Adolf Zutter: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
SS Dr Eduard Krebsbach: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Heinrich Häger: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Hans Spatzenneger: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Otto Striegel: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 20th June 1947)
Werner Grahn: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Ludwig Dörr: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
SS Dr Willy Jobst: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Georg Gössl: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Josef Mayer: Life Imprisonment
Viktor Korger: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Hans Diehl: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Paul Kaiser: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
SS Dr Waldemar Wolter: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Gustav Kreindl: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Willy Eckert: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Hermann Pribyll: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Josef Leeb: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Wilhelm Henkel: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Kapo Willy Frey: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Leopold Trauner: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Wilhelm Müller: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Heinrich Eisenhöfer: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Andreas Trum: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Rudolf Mynzak: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Erich Meissner: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Kapo Rudolf Fiegl: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Josef Niedermayer: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Julius Ludolf: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Hans Hegenscheidt: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Karl Billmann: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Franz Huber: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
SS Dr Erich Wasicky: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Paul Gützlaff: Life Imprisonment
Theophil Priebei: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Michael Cserny: Life Imprisonment
Kaspar Klimowitsch: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Herbert Grzybowski: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Heinrich Fitschok: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Anton Kaufmann: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Stefan Barczey: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Wilhelm Mack: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Karl Struller: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
August Blei: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 28th May 1947)
Ferdinaned Lappert: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Otto Drabeck: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Vincenz Nohel: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)
Thomas Sigmund: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 27th May 1947)


Sources: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum; Skalman