Scharführer was a Nazi
title that was used by several
paramilitary organizations from 1925 to
1945. Translated as “Squad
Leader,” the title of Scharführer
can trace its origins to the First
where a Scharführer
was often a Sergeant or Corporal who commanded
special action or shock trooper squads.
Scharführer is most recognizable
as a rank of the SS and title of the SA. Scharführer was first used
as a title in the Sturmabteilung as early as 1921 and
became an actual rank in 1928. Scharführer was
the first NCO rank of the SA, and was denoted by a single
pip centered on a collar patch. In 1930, veteran Scharführers
were appointed to the new rank of SA-Oberscharführer,
denoted by an additional silver stripe to the Scharführer
The SS originally used the same insignia
for Scharführer as the SA, but this changed in 1934 with a reorganization of the SS rank structure.
At that time, the old rank of SS-Scharführer became
known as SS-Unterscharführer with the title of
SS-Scharführer becoming equivalent to an SA-Oberscharführer.
The rank of SS-Truppführer was removed from the
SS, to be replaced by SS-Oberscharführer and the
new rank of SS-Hauptscharführer. The early Waffen-SS created an even higher rank, known as SS-Sturmscharführer.
Within the SA, Scharführer was
senior to the rank of SA-Rottenführer while in
the SS, a Scharführer was senior to that of SS-Unterscharführer.
The rank of Scharführer was also used by some lesser
known Nazi Party organizations; among them the National
Socialist Flyers Corps (NSFK), National Socialist Motorist
Corps (NSKK) and the Hitler