Nuremberg Trial Proceedings
Indictment: Appendix B
Statement of criminality of Groups and Organizations
The statements hereinafter set forth, following the
name of each group or organization named in the Indictment as one which
should be declared criminal, constitute matters upon which the prosecution
will rely inter alia as establishing the criminality of the group or
DIE REICHSREGIERUNG (REICH
"Die Reichsregierung (Reich Cabinet)" referred
to in the Indictment consists of persons who were:
(i) Members of the ordinary cabinet after 30 January
1933, the date on which Hitler became Chancellor of the German Republic.
The term "ordinary cabinet" as used herein means the Reich
Ministers, i.e., heads of departments of the central Government; Reich
Ministers without portfolio; State Ministers acting as Reich Ministers;
and other officials entitled to take part in meetings of this cabinet.
(ii) Members of der Ministerrat fur die Reichsverteidigung
(Council of Ministers for the Defense of the Reich).
(iii) Members of der Geheimer Kabinettsrat (Secret
Under the Fuehrer, these persons functioning in the
foregoing capacities and in association as a group, possessed and exercised
legislative, executive, administrative, and political powers and functions
of a very high order in the system of German Government. Accordingly,
they are charged with responsibility for the policies adopted and put
into effect by the Government including those which comprehended and
involved the commission of the crimes referred to in Counts One, Two,
Three, and Four of the Indictment.
DAS KORPS DER POLITISCHEN
LEITER DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (LEADERSHIP
CORPS OF THE NAZI PARTY)
"Des Korps der Politischen Leiter der Nationalsozialistischen
Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party)"
referred to in the Indictment consists of persons who were at any time,
according to common Nazi terminology, "Politischen Leiter"
(Political Leaders) of any grade or rank.
The Politischen Leiter comprised the leaders of the
various functional offices of the Party (for example, the Reichsleitung,
or Party Reich Directorate, and the Gauleitung, or Party Gau Directorate),
as well as the territorial leaders of the Party (for example, the Gauleiter).
The Politischen Leiter were a distinctive and elite
group within the Nazi Party proper and as such were vested with special
prerogatives. They were organized according to the Leadership Principle
and were charged with planning, developing and imposing upon their followers
the policies of the Nazi Party. Thus the territorial leaders among them
were called Hoheitstrager, or bearers of sovereignty, and were entitled
to call upon and utilize the various Party formations when necessary
for the execution of Party policies.
Reference is hereby made to the allegations in Count
One of the Indictment showing that the Nazi Party was the central core
of the common plan or conspiracy therein set forth. The Politischen
Leiter, as a major power within the Nazi Party proper, and functioning
in the capacities above described and in association as a group, joined
in the common plan or conspiracy, and accordingly share responsibility
for the crimes set forth in Counts One, Two, Three, and Four of the
The prosecution expressly reserves the right to request,
at any time before sentence is pronounced, that Politische Leiter of
subordinate grades or ranks or of other types or classes, to be specified
by the Prosecution, be excepted from further proceedings in this Case
No. 1, but without prejudice to other proceedings or actions against
DIE SCHUTZSTAFFELN DER NATIONALSOZlALISTISCHEN
DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTE (COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE SS) INCLUDING DER SICHERHEITSDIENST
(COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE SD).
"Die Schutzstaffeln der Nationalsozialistische
Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (commonly known as the SST) including Derby
Sicherheitsdienst (commonly known as the SD)" referred to in the
Indictment consists of the entire corps of the SS and all offices, departments,
services, agencies, branches, formations, organizations, and groups
of which it was at any time comprised or which were at any time integrated
in it, including but not limited to, the AIlgemeine SS, the Waffen SS,
the SS Totenkopfverbande, SS Polizei Regimente, and the Sicherheitsdienst
des ReichsFuehrers-SS' (commonly known as the SD).
The SS, originally established by Hitler in 1925 as
an elite section of the SA to furnish a protective guard for the Fuehrer
and Nazi Party leaders, became an independent formation of the Nazi
Party in 1934 under the leadership of the Reichsfuehrer-SS, Heinrich
Himmler. It was composed of voluntary members, selected in accordance
with Nazi biological, racial, and political theories, completely indoctrinated
in Nazi ideology and pledged to uncompromising obedience to the Fuehrer.
After the accession of the Nazi conspirators to power, it developed
many departments, agencies, formations, and branches and extended its
influence and control over numerous fields of Governmental and Party
activity. Through Heinrich Himmler, as Reichsfuehrer-SS and Chief of
the German Police, agencies and units of the SS and of the Reich were
joined in operation to form a unified repressive police force. The Sicherheitsdienst
des Reichsfuehrer-SS (commonly known as the SD), a department of the
SS, was developed into a vast espionage and counter-intelligence system
which operated in conjunction with the Gestapo and criminal police in
detecting, suppressing and eliminating tendencies, groups and individuals
deemed hostile or potentially hostile to the Nazi Party, its leaders,
principles and objectives, and eventually was combined with the Gestapo
and criminal police in a single security police department, the Reich
Main Security Office.
Other branches of the SS developed into an armed force
and served in the wars of aggression referred to in Counts One and Two
of the Indictment. Through other departments and branches the SS controlled
the administration of concentration camps and the execution of Nazi
racial, biological, and resettlement policies. Through its numerous
functions and activities it served as the instrument for insuring the
domination of Nazi ideology and protecting and extending the Nazi regime
over Germany and occupied territories. It thus participated in and is
responsible for the crimes referred to in Counts One, Two, Three, and
Four of the Indictment.
DIE GEHEIME STAATSPOLIZEI
(SECRET STATE POLICE, COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE GESTAPO)
"Die Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police,
commonly known as the Gestapo)" referred to in the Indictment consists
of the headquarters, departments, offices, branches, and all the forces
and personnel of the Geheime Staatspolizei organized or existing at
any time after 30 January 1933, including the Geheime Staatspolizei
of Prussia and equivalent secret or political police forces of the Reich
and the components thereof.
The Gestapo was created by the Nazi conspirators immediately
after their accession to power, first in Prussia by the Defendant Goering
and shortly thereafter in all other states in the Reich. These separate
secret and political police forces were developed into a centralized,
uniform organization operating through a central headquarters and through
a network of regional offices in Germany and in occupied territories.
Its officials and operatives were selected on the basis of unconditional
acceptance of Nazi ideology, were largely drawn from members of the
SS, and were trained in SS and SD schools. It acted to suppress and
eliminate tendencies, groups, and individuals deemed hostile or potentially
hostile to the Nazi Party, its leaders, principles, and objectives,
and to repress resistance and potential resistance to German control
in occupied territories. In performing these functions it operated free
from legal control, taking any measures it deemed necessary for the
accomplishment of its missions.
Through its purposes, activities, and the means it
used, it participated in and is responsible for the commission of the
crimes set forth in Counts One, Two, Three, and Four of the Indictment.
DIE STURMABTEILUNGEN DER NATIONALSOZIALISTISCHEN
DEUTSCHEN ARBEITERPARTEI (COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE SA)
"Die Sturmabteilungen der Nationalsozialistischen
Deutschen Arbeiterpartei (commonly known as the SA)" referred to
in the Indictment was a formation of the Nazi Party under the immediate
jurisdiction of the Fuehrer, organized on military lines, whose membership
was composed of volunteers serving as political soldiers of the Party.
It was one of the earliest formations of the Nazi Party and the original
guardian of the National Socialist movement. Founded in 1921 as a voluntary
militant formation, it was developed by the Nazi conspirators before
their accession to power into a vast private army and utilized for the
purpose of creating disorder, and terrorizing and eliminating political
opponents. It continued to serve as an. instrument for the physical,
ideological, and military training of Party members and as a reserve
for the German Armed Forces. After the launching of the Wars of aggression,
referred to in Counts One and Two of the Indictment, the SA not only
operated as an organization for military training but provided auxiliary
police and security forces in occupied territories, guarded prisoner-of-war
camps and concentration camps and supervised and controlled persons
forced to labor in Germany and occupied territories.
Through its purposes and activities and the means it
used, it participated in and was responsible for the commission of the
crimes set forth in Counts One, Two, Three, and Four of the Indictment.
GENERAL STAFF AND HIGH COMMAND
OF THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES
The "General Staff and High Command of the German
Armed Forces" referred to in the Indictment consist of those individuals
who between February 1938 and May 1945 were the highest commanders of
the Wehrmacht, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Forces. The individuals
comprising this group are the persons who held the following appointments:
Oberbefehlshaber der Kriegsmarine (Commander in Chief
of the Navy);
Chef (and, formerly, Chef des Stabes) der Seekriegsleitung
(Chief of Naval War Staff);
Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres (Commander in Chief of
Chef des Generalstabes des Heeres (Chief of the General
Staff of the Army);
Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe (Commander in Chief
of the Air Force);
Chef des Generalstabes der Luftwaffe (Chief of the
General Staff of the Air Force);
Chef des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht (Chief of the
High Command of the Armed Forces);
Chef des Fuhrungsstabes des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht
(Chief of the Operations Staff of the High Command of the Armed Forces);
Stellvertretender Chef des Fuhrungsstabes des Oberkommandos
der Wehrmacht (Deputy Chief of the Operations Staff of the High Command
of the Armed Forces);
Commanders-in-Chief in the field, with the status of
Oberbefehlshaber, of the Wehrmacht, Navy, Army, Air Force.
Functioning in such capacities and in association as
a group at the highest level in the German Armed Forces Organization
these persons had a major responsibility for the planning, preparation,
initiation, and waging of illegal wars as set forth in Counts One and
Two of the Indictment and for the War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity
involved in the execution of the common plan or conspiracy set forth
in Counts Three and Four of the Indictment.