Instructions by Minister of Economics on the Position of Jews in German Trade

(September 1933)


...The legal regulations made by the Law for the protection of retail trade are completed for the time being. This means that the Reich Government will refrain from taking further measures such as have been demanded from various sides....

In this connection I see myself obliged...to point out once more that the absolutely essential further restoration of calm to the entire economy and its unified, organic reconstruction can only be achieved if those who have been appointed by the Reich Government to carry out its orders avoid any measure which could endanger the feeling of confidence in the Law as the result of their failure to observe existing laws and thereby introduce renewed uncertainty into the economy....

I therefore request that the lower-echelon offices and city magistrates in particular be emphatically instructed that such measures are to be absolutely avoided, and cancelled when necessary....

The groups directly interested in additional measures, and who have claimed up to now that their more far-reaching demands are in accordance with the economic policy of the Reich Government, are to be emphatically notified that the decision of the Reich Government in this respect has now been made unmistakably clear, as I have stated before. The Reich Government cannot permit itself to be deprived of freedom of action by the creation of established facts, as the result of unauthorized intervention, directly or indirectly, in its decisions on the legal and economic position of the enterprises concerned. It will deal with such lack of discipline as offenses against the Fuehrer Principle and as sabotage of economic reconstruction....

In the interest of maintaining the enterprises in question as places of work of very large numbers of German employees and [blue-collar] workers, and as providers of employment for much larger numbers still, boycotts and similar measures are to be avoided where they prevent business relations with suppliers or customers (i.e., the production of black or white lists, failure to include the enterprises in supply registers, refusal to accept advertisements, discouraging of customers by the posting of observers, distribution of leaflets, posters, threats, photographing of customers or interfering with them in other ways, etc.)....

Actions of this type have already been emphatically forbidden to members, officers and organizations of the NSDAP and its related bodies, by order of the Fuehrer's Deputy, Rudolf Hoess, of July 8, 1933, as well as by a subsequent order of August 8, 1933.

I therefore request that most decisive action be taken to prevent intervention of this type in future, and that organizations and associations rescind without delay any contrary directions and decisions, and that lower-echelon offices should receive instructions in accordance with this memorandum as soon as possible.

Source: C.V.-Zeitung , No. 39, October 11, 1933.


Source: Yad Vashem