Already in the early Middle Ages
if not before, Rabbinical teachers were called
upon to interpret laws related to the Land of
Israel, often in letters to Jewish communities
in the diaspora.
Since they had no access to geographical maps
but were aware that graphics are the best means
of clarifying territorial relations, they devised
diagrams which correctly represented spatial relations
described verbally in the Holy
Scriptures, disregarding true geometrical
location. This cartogram, though of later date,
belongs to this type.