Join Our Mailing List

Sponsor Us!

Islam:
Muslim Population, Worldwide

(Updated February 2016)


Islam: Table of Contents | About Islam | Arab/Islamic World


Print Friendly and PDF

Muslims number 1.6 billion people worldwide, representing 23% of global population. The overwhelming majority (87-90%) of Muslims are Sunnis; about 10-13% are Shia Muslims.

Muslims are concentrated in the Asia-Pacific region, where six-in-ten (62%) of all Muslims reside. Many Muslims also live in the Middle East and North Africa (20%) and sub-Saharan Africa (16%). The remainder of the world’s Muslim population is in Europe (3%), North America (<1%), Latin America (<1%) and the Caribbean (<1%).

In January 2016 new population figures were released that placed the Muslim population of the United Kingdom at over 3 million for the first time in history. One out of every twenty people living in the United Kingdom in 2016 subscribes to the Muslim faith, according to the Muslim Council of Britain. Fully one-third of these British Muslims were born outside of the country, and one-fourth of them are under the age of ten.

Region
Muslim Population*
Muslims, as % of Region*
Asia-Pacific
985,530,000
24%
Middle East-North Africa
317,070,000
93%
Sub-Saharan Africa
248,110,000
30%
Europe
43,490,000
6%
Americas
4,320,000
<1%
World Total
1,598,52,000
23%

Top Ten Countries with Largest Muslim Population

Country
Muslim Population^
Muslims, as % of Total^
Indonesia
209,120,000
87%
India
176,190,000
14%
Pakistan
167,410,000
96%
Bangladesh
133,540,000
90%
Nigeria
77,300,000
49%
Egypt
76,990,000
95%
Iran
73,570,000
99.5%
Turkey
71,330,000
98%
Algeria
34,730,000
98%
Morocco
31,940,000
99.9%

*Muslim population figures are notoriously inaccurate; Muslims cover a broad range of ancestries, such as Asian, African and Middle Eastern and they all have different practices and political outlooks.


Sources: Pew Forum
* Current as of December 2012
^ Current as of December 2010

Back to Top