Herod, of Edomite extraction, was king of Israel from 40 BCE
to 4 BCE. He was appointed by Rome and conquered the kingdom from the Hasmoneans.
When Augustus became the Roman Caesar in the year 30 BCE, Herod
convinced him of his loyalty, and Augustus rewarded him by adding Jericho, the coastal region
south of Dor and the region east of the Sea
of Galilee. In 23 BCE, he was given the Bashan, Horen, and
Tarchon regions, and three years later, the Golan