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Islam:
European Muslim Population

(Updated February 2016)


Islam: Table of Contents | About Islam | Arab/Islamic World


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In January 2016 new population figures were released that placed the Muslim population of the United Kingdom at over 3 million for the first time in history. One out of every twenty people living in the United Kingdom in 2016 subscribes to the Muslim faith, according to the Muslim Council of Britain. Fully one-third of these British Muslims were born outside of the country, and one-fourth of them are under the age of ten.

Country
Muslim Population
Muslims, as % of Total Population
Northern Europe
Denmark
226,000
4.1%
Estonia
2,000
0.1%
Finland
42,000
0.8%
Iceland
1,000
0.1%
Ireland
43,000
0.9%
Latvia
2,000
0.1%
Lithunia
3,000
0.1%
Norway
144,000
3.0%
Sweden
451,000
4.9%
United Kingdom
3,114,992
5.4%
Western Europe
Austria
475,000
5.7%
Belgium
638,000
6.0%
France
3,574,000
5.7%
Germany
4,119,000
5.0%
Leichtenstein
2,000
4.8%
Luxembourg
13,000
2.7%
Monaco
1,000
0.5%
Netherlands
914,000
5.5%
Switzerland
433,000
5.7%
Eastern Europe
Belarus
19,000
0.2%
Bulgaria
1,002,000
13.4%
Czech Republic
4,000
0.1%
Hungary
25,000
0.3%
Moldova
15,000
0.4%
Poland
20,000
0.1%
Romania
73,000
0.3%
Russia
16,379,000
11.7%
Slovakia
4,000
0.1%
Ukraine
393,000
0.9%
Southern Europe
Albania
2,601,000
82.1%
Andorra
1,000
1.1%
Bosnia-Herzegovenia
1,564,000
41.6%
Croatia
56,000
1.3%
Greece
527,000
4.7%
Italy
1,583,000
2.6%
Kosovo
2,104,000
91.7%
Macedonia
713,000
34.9%
Malta
1,000
0.3%
Montenegro
116,000
18.5%
Portugal
22,000
0.2%
San Marino
1,000
0.1%
Slovenia
49,000
2.4%
Spain
1,021,000
2.3%
Serbia
280,000
3.7%
Total
43,490,000
6%

*Muslim population figures are notoriously inaccurate; Muslims cover a broad range of ancestries, such as Asian, African and Middle Eastern and they all have different practices and political outlooks.


Sources: Pew Research Forum

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