The Arabs were expected to trade Western Galilee, occupied by Israeli troops, for the larger Negev. They were not asked to make any concessions from the rights allotted to them by the partition plan. They were asked merely to recognize the State of Israel, which, according to the plan of the mediator, would no longer be independent, since he envisaged economic union between the Arab and Jewish States of Palestine, a common defense or military union, and dependence of Jewish immigration to Israel on Arab consent. The Israelis were expected to extend the same courtesy and recognize the Arab State in Palestine.
This was similar to the boundaries that had been proposed prior to the partition vote, and had been rejected by all sides. Bernadotte offered the proposal after the Arabs had gone to war to prevent partition and a Jewish state had been declared. The Jews and Arabs both rejected the plan.
Ironically, Bernadotte found little enthusiasm among the Arabs for independence. He wrote in his diary:
Bernadotte was subsequently assassinated by members of a Jewish underground group.
Sources: New York Post, (July 14, 1948); Folke Bernadotte, To Jerusalem, (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1951), p. 113.