The Assyrian Empire under Tilgat-Pileser III
Tiglat-Pileser III performed several campaigns to reassert his sovereignty over vassal kingdoms.
He carried out two deportations of Israelites: “Tiglat-Pilne’'eser king of Ashur carried them away, even the Re’uveni, and the Gadi, and the half-tribe of Menasheh,
and brought them to Chalach, and Chavor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan” (1Chronicles 5:26),
that was the deportation of the Tribes on the eastern side of the Jordan; “In the days of Pekach king of Israel came Tiglat-Pil’eser king of Ashur, and took ’Iyon, and Avel-Beit-Ma’akhah, and Yano’ach, and Kedesh, and Chatzor, and Gil’ad, and the Galil, all the land of Naftali; and he carried them captive to Ashur” (2Kings 15:29); that was the deportation of the northern Tribes, that did not affect Efrayim and western Menasheh.
Sources: Map courtesy of Imninalu.net, cannot be republished without consent from author or AICE.