Israel at 54: A Statistical Glimpse*

(2002)


Geography

Geographical Regions

Arid Zones 45%
Plains and Valleys 25%
Mountains 16%
Rift Valley 9%
Coastal Strip 5%

 

Selected elevations:

Mt. Hermon, Golan 9,220 ft. 2,810 m.
Mt. Meron, Upper Galilee 3,964 ft. 1,208 m.
Mt. Ramon, Negev 3,396 ft. 1,035 m.
Mt. of Olives, Jerusalem 2,739 ft. 835 m.
Mt. Tabor, Lower Galilee 1,930 ft. 588 m.
Mt. Carmel, Haifa 1,792 ft. 546 m.
Dead Sea - lowest point on earth - 1,300 ft. - 400 m.

 


People

  1980 1990 2000
Population 3,921,700 4,821,700 6,289,200
Civilian labor force 1,318,100 1,649,900 2,435,500
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry 25 30 37
Life expectancy
  • Females
  • Males

  • 75.7
    72.1

    78.4
    75.7

    80.3
    76.1
    Infant mortality
    (per 1000 live births)
    15.6 9.9 5.8
    School population 1,200,700 1,451,300 1,953,936
    Percentage of the population (15+) with 13 years or more of formal schooling 19.2 25.3 37.4


    Population by Religion

    Jews 78.1%
    Muslims 15.1%
    Christians 2.1%
    Druze 1.6%
    Not classified by religion 2.9%

      Population Distribution

    Urban localities 90.6%
    Rural localities 9.4%
      Of which:
       Moshavim
       Kibbutzim

    3.2%
    1.9%


    Immigrants by Continent
    1948-2000

    Europe 1,717,60
    Africa 476,100
    Asia 410,600
    America & Oceania 214,600
    Unknown 31,550

      Immigrants by Year of Immigration

    1948-1951
    688,000
    1952-1959
    272,000
    1960-1969
    374,000
    1970-1979
    346,000
    1980-1989
    154,000
    1990-2000
    968,800


    Economy

    State Budget, 2001: NIS 245.8 billion

    Gross Domestic Product
    (at 1995 prices - NIS 106)
    1980 1990 2000
      - Total
      - Per capita
    138,975
    36,005
    197,644
    42,411
    326,517
    51,939
    Private consumption
    (at 1995 prices - NIS 106)
      - expenditure per capita 16,204 23,308 31,418
    Net exports of goods (millions of dollars) 5,291.9 11,603.1 31,403.8
    thereof:
      Industrial products (excl. diamonds)
      Agricultural products

    3,340.4
    555.7

    7,696.8
    657.2

    21,004.6
    702.1
    Net imports of goods (millions of dollars) 7,845.7 15,107.1 35,749.5
    Tourists arriving 1,065,800 1,131,700 2,416,750
    Air passengers (annual) 2,847,000 3,720,000 9,608,000
    Freight shipped by air (annual in tons) 105,800 194,160 336,180
    Production of electricity (in millions of kilwatt/hours) 12,400 20,900 42,900
    Private cars 410,000 803,000 1,397,000


    Education

    University Students by Field of Study
    (Total 113,010 students in 7 universities)

    Agriculture 1.3%
    Law 3.8%
    Medicine 8.1%
    Engineering 13.2%
    Science and mathematics 16.1%
    Humanities 27.9%
    Social Sciences 29.7%


    * Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. 52, 2001


    Source: Israeli Foreign Ministry
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