The following Five Pillars of Islamic Faith are
ritual obligations of Muslims:
Shahadah: Recite the profession of faith
"there is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Prophet of God" each day.
Salat: Pray five times a day (at daybreak,
noon, mid-afternoon, after sunset, and in the early evening).
Zakat: Literally purification. Pay
a tax for the poor.
Sawm: If you are over the age of 10, refrain
from eating, drinking, and sexual relations from daybreak to sunset
during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of
the Islamic year, and is the month in which the Koran was revealed to Muhammad. According to Muslim tradition, the actual
revelation occurred on the night between the 26th and 27th days
of the month. On this "Night of Determination," God determines
the fate of the world for the coming year.
Hajj: At least once in a lifetime, make
the pilgrimage to Mecca.