The Five Pillars of Islam
believe in one God, in angels, in the revealed books, in the prophets,
and in the Day of Judgement. The following Five Pillars of Islam are
ritual obligations of Muslims:
Shahadah: Recite the profession of faith
"there is no god but God, and Muhammad
is the Prophet of God" each day.
Salat: Pray five times a day (at daybreak,
noon, mid-afternoon, after sunset, and in the early evening).
Zakat (“purification”): Pay
a tax for the poor.
Sawm: If you are over the age of 10, refrain
from eating, drinking, and sexual relations from daybreak to sunset
during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of
the Islamic year, and is the month in which the Koran
was revealed to Muhammad. According to Muslim tradition, the actual
revelation occurred on the night between the 26th and 27th days
of the month. On this "Night of Determination," God determines
the fate of the world for the coming year.
Hajj: At least once in a lifetime, make
the pilgrimage to Mecca.
Source: Bard, Mitchell G. The
Complete Idiot's Guide to Middle East Conflict. 3rd
Edition. NY: Alpha Books, 2005.