1 NOW THERE was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim, of the
hill-country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son
of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.
2 And he had two wives: the name of the one was Hannah, and
the name of the other Peninnah; and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no
3 And this man went up out of his city from year to year to
worship and to sacrifice unto HaShem of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of
Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there priests unto HaShem.
4 And it came to pass upon a day, when Elkanah sacrificed,
that he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters,
5 but unto Hannah he gave a double portion; for he loved
Hannah, but HaShem had shut up her womb.
6 And her rival vexed her sore, to make her fret, because
HaShem had shut up her womb.
7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the
house of HaShem, so she vexed her; therefore she wept, and would not eat.
8 And Elkanah her husband said unto her: 'Hannah, why weepest
thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to
thee than ten sons?'
9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after
they had drunk--now Eli the priest sat upon his seat by the door-post of the
temple of HaShem;
10 and she was in bitterness of soul--and prayed unto HaShem,
and wept sore.
11 And she vowed a vow, and said: 'O HaShem of hosts, if Thou
wilt indeed look on the affliction of Thy handmaid, and remember me, and not
forget Thy handmaid, but wilt give unto Thy handmaid a man-child, then I will
give him unto HaShem all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come
upon his head.'
12 And it came to pass, as she prayed long before HaShem,
that Eli watched her mouth.
13 Now Hannah, she spoke in her heart; only her lips moved,
but her voice could not be heard; therefore, Eli thought she had been drunken.
14 And Eli said unto her: 'How long wilt thou be drunken? put
away thy wine from thee.'
15 And Hannah answered and said: 'No, my lord, I am a woman
of a sorrowful spirit; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I poured
out my soul before HaShem.
16 Count not thy handmaid for a wicked woman: for out of the
abundance of my complaint and my vexation have I spoken hitherto.'
17 Then Eli answered and said: 'Go in peace, and the G-d of
Israel grant thy petition that thou hast asked of Him.'
18 And she said: 'Let thy servant find favour in thy sight.'
So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped
before HaShem, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah; and Elkanah knew
Hannah his wife; and HaShem remembered her.
20 And it came to pass, when the time was come about, that
Hannah conceived, and bore a son; and she called his name Samuel: 'because I
have asked him of HaShem.'
21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer
unto HaShem the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband:
'Until the child be weaned, when I will bring him, that he may appear before
HaShem, and there abide for ever.'
23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her: 'Do what seemeth
thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only HaShem establish His word.' So
the woman tarried and gave her son suck, until she weaned him.
24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her,
with three bullocks, and one ephah of meal, and a bottle of wine, and brought
him unto the house of HaShem in Shiloh; and the child was young.
25 And when the bullock was slain, the child was brought to
26 And she said: 'Oh, my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I
am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto HaShem.
27 For this child I prayed; and HaShem hath granted me my
petition which I asked of Him;
28 therefore I also have lent him to HaShem; as long as he
liveth he is lent to HaShem.' And he worshipped HaShem there.
Sources: Portions copyright © 1997 by Benyamin Pilant, All Rights Reserved
JPS Electronic Edition Copyright © 1998 by Larry Nelson, All Rights Reserved