1 And HaShem said unto Moses: 'See, I have set thee in G-d's
stead to Pharaoh; and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and Aaron thy
brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he let the children of Israel go out of
3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs
and My wonders in the land of Egypt.
4 But Pharaoh will not hearken unto you, and I will lay My
hand upon Egypt, and bring forth My hosts, My people the children of Israel, out
of the land of Egypt, by great judgments.
5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am HaShem, when I
stretch forth My hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from
6 And Moses and Aaron did so; as HaShem commanded them, so
7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and
three years old, when they spoke unto Pharaoh.
8 And HaShem
spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying:
9 'When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying: Show a wonder
for you; then thou shalt say unto Aaron: Take thy rod, and cast it down before
Pharaoh, that it become a serpent.'
10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so,
as HaShem had commanded; and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh and before
his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the
sorcerers; and they also, the magicians of Egypt, did in like manner with their
12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became
serpents; but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
13 And Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not
unto them; as HaShem had spoken.
14 And HaShem said unto Moses:
'Pharaoh's heart is stubborn, he refuseth to let the people go.
15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out
unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river's brink to meet him; and the
rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thy hand.
16 And thou shalt say unto him: HaShem, the G-d of the
Hebrews, hath sent me unto thee, saying: Let My people go, that they may serve
Me in the wilderness; and, behold, hitherto thou hast not hearkened;
17 thus saith HaShem: In this thou shalt know that I am
HaShem--behold, I will smite with the rod that is in my hand upon the waters
which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.
18 And the fish that are in the river shall die, and the
river shall become foul; and the Egyptians shall loathe to drink water from the
19 And HaShem said unto Moses: 'Say unto Aaron: Take thy rod,
and stretch out thy hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, over their
streams, and over their pools, and over all their ponds of water, that they may
become blood; and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in
vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.'
20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as HaShem commanded; and he
lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of
Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the
river were turned to blood.
21 And the fish that were in the river died; and the river
became foul, and the Egyptians could not drink water from the river; and the
blood was throughout all the land of Egypt.
22 And the magicians of Egypt did in like manner with their
secret arts; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them;
as HaShem had spoken.
23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he
lay even this to heart.
24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for
water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.
25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that HaShem had
smitten the river.
26 And HaShem spoke unto Moses: 'Go in unto Pharaoh, and say
unto him: Thus saith HaShem: Let My people go, that they may serve Me.
27 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite
all thy borders with frogs.
28 And the river shall swarm with frogs, which shall go up
and come into thy house, and into thy bed-chamber, and upon thy bed, and into
the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into
29 And the frogs shall come up both upon thee, and upon thy
people, and upon all thy servants.'
Sources: Portions copyright © 1997 by Benyamin Pilant, All Rights Reserved
JPS Electronic Edition, based on the 1917 JPS translation, Copyright © 1998 by Larry Nelson, All Rights Reserved