1 When thou goest forth to battle against thine enemies, and
seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, thou shalt not be
afraid of them; for HaShem thy G-d is with thee, who brought thee up out of the
land of Egypt.
2 And it shall be, when ye draw nigh unto the battle, that
the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,
3 and shall say unto them: 'Hear, O Israel, ye draw nigh this
day unto battle against your enemies; let not your heart faint; fear not, nor be
alarmed, neither be ye affrighted at them;
4 for HaShem your G-d is He that goeth with you, to fight for
you against your enemies, to save you.'
5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying: 'What
man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go
and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
6 And what man is there that hath planted a vineyard, and
hath not used the fruit thereof? let him go and return unto his house, lest he
die in the battle, and another man use the fruit thereof.
7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath
not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle,
and another man take her.'
8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and
they shall say: 'What man is there that is fearful and faint-hearted? let him go
and return unto his house, lest his brethren's heart melt as his heart.'
9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of
speaking unto the people, that captains of hosts shall be appointed at the head
of the people.
10 When thou drawest nigh unto a city to fight against it,
then proclaim peace unto it.
11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open
unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that are found therein shall
become tributary unto thee, and shall serve thee.
12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war
against thee, then thou shalt besiege it.
13 And when HaShem thy G-d delivereth it into thy hand, thou
shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword;
14 but the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and
all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take for a prey
unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which HaShem thy
G-d hath given thee.
15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far
off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations.
16 Howbeit of the cities of these peoples, that HaShem thy
G-d giveth thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth,
17 but thou shalt utterly destroy them: the Hittite, and the
Amorite, the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; as
HaShem thy G-d hath commanded thee;
18 that they teach you not to do after all their
abominations, which they have done unto their gods, and so ye sin against HaShem
19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war
against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by wielding an
axe against them; for thou mayest eat of them, but thou shalt not cut them down;
for is the tree of the field man, that it should be besieged of thee?
20 Only the trees of which thou knowest that they are not
trees for food, them thou mayest destroy and cut down, that thou mayest build
bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it fall.
Sources: Portions copyright © 1997 by Benyamin Pilant, All Rights Reserved
JPS Electronic Edition, based on the 1917 JPS translation, Copyright © 1998 by Larry Nelson, All Rights Reserved