This is the well-known and now universal soup of the "Yiddishe mama" as it was served in east European Jewish homes. Former Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir was known to cook a fine-tasting chicken soup for both family and VIPs whenever they came to call. Chicken soup is reputed to cure the sick but is equally recommended to the healthy.
Clean chicken thoroughly. Combine in a deep saucepan with water, onions, and bouillon. Bring to a boil and cook over medium heat for 1 hour. Add remaining ingredients. Cover and cook over low heat 1/2 hour longer, or until chicken is tender. Remove chicken and strain soup. Taste and correct seasonings. Makes about 2 to 2-1/2 quarts of soup. Use the chicken in other dishes or serve with the soup.
Meat borscht comes from Russia and is a winter favorite. It is cooked for several hours on a low flame and its pungent aroma penetrates every corner of the home. It has become popular to serve hot borscht at parties at the stroke of midnight. No one wanting to miss this treat will go home before that hour. The influx of thousands of newcomers from the former Soviet Union in recent years has reinforced the popularity of the various types of borscht in Israel.
3 quarts water 2 lbs. brisket beef bones 8 beets, grated 2 onions, diced 2 garlic cloves, minced 1 tbs. salt 3 tbs. brown sugar 1/3 cup lemon juice 1/2-15 oz. can tomato pure 2 eggs 1/2 cabbage, shredded
Combine water, meat and bones in a deep saucepan. Bring to a boil and skim. Add beets, cabbage, tomato puree, onions, garlic and salt. Cover and cook over medium heat for 2 hours. Add brown sugar and lemon juice. Cook for an additional 30 minutes. Taste to correct seasoning.
Beat eggs in a bowl. Gradually add a little hot soup, beating steadily to prevent curdling. Return to saucepan. Serve hot. Serves 8-10.
Tarato comes from Bulgaria. The Jews of Bulgaria, like those of Holland, Greece, Turkey, and Italy, are descended from Jews expelled from Spain and Portugal in the 15th century. This cold soup is particularly suitable for hot summer nights in Israel. Yogurt, the main ingredient, has been a popular food in Israel for many years.
3 cups plain yogurt 3 cups water crushed nuts dash of salt 2 tbs. olive oil 1 tbs. vinegar 2 cucumbers (diced or cut into small pieces)
Mix all ingredients except nuts. Sprinkle with nuts and cool in refrigerator for 2-3 hours before serving.