HURWITZ, SAUL ISRAEL (1861–1922), Hebrew writer and critic. Born in Uvarovichi (Mogilev district), Russia, Hurwitz
From his youth, Hurwitz contributed stories and articles to Hebrew journals, and in 1892 he published the literary magazine Beit Eked. His best known polemic article "Li-She'elat Kiyyum ha-Yahadut" ("On the Question of the Survival of Judaism"), published in Ha-Shilo'aḥ in 1903, questioned all Jewish values and all attempts at resolving the problem of Jewish survival, and he became a central figure in the resulting controversy with *Aḥad Ha-Am's supporters. Hurwitz eventually established his own journal He-Atid (1908–13) to serve as a venue for the clarification of Jewish issues.
Excerpts from his memoirs were published in Ha-Shilo'aḥ and Ha-Toren during his lifetime and posthumously. Some of his articles were collected and published under the title Me-Ayin u-le-An (1914).
Waxman, Literature, 4 (1960), 393–6; Hurwitz, in Haolam, 23 (1935), 211f.; idem, in: Gilyonot, 27 (1952), 207–10 (includes bibliography); Fishman, in: En Hakore (1923), 98–103; M. Glickson, Ishim ba-Madda u-va-Sifrut, 2 (1941), 271–7; idem, Ketavim (1963), 345–50; Mordecai ben Hillel ha-Kohen, Olami, 2 (1927), 321–5; Baal Makhshoves, Sekirot u-Reshamim (1912), 27–36; Y.L. Gorelik, Be-Ereẓ Nod (1944), 62–65; F. Lachower, Rishonim ve-Aḥaronim (19662), 286–9; E. Hurwicz, in: YLBI, 12 (1967), 85–102.