FRANKEL, SALLY HERBERT (1903–1996), South African economist. He was born and educated in Johannesburg, where he was professor of economics at Witwatersrand University from 1931 to 1946. He did research in maize marketing and government railway policy in South Africa, compiled calculations of the national income for the South African treasury (1941–48), and was a member of the Treasury Advisory Council (1941–45). Frankel investigated the railway system (1942) and mining industry (1945) for the Rhodesian government. In 1946 he was appointed professor of the economics of underdeveloped countries at Oxford. From 1953 to 1955 he was a member of the East African Royal Commission, and from 1957 to 1958 adviser to South Rhodesia's Urban African Affairs Commission. Frankel's publications include Africa in the Re-Making (1932), Capital Investment in Africa (1938), Concept of Colonization (1949), Economic Impact on Underdeveloped Societies (1953), Some Conceptual Aspects of International Economic Development of Underdeveloped Territories (1952), and Investment and the Return to Equity Capital in the South African Gold Mining Industry, 1887–1965 (1967).