On June 1, 2017, the Parliament of the European Union approved a resolution adopting the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) working definition of anti-Semitism. The Parliament followed in the steps of the United Kingdom, which adopted the IHRA definition in December 2016. The text of the resolution calls on European Union member states to:
- adopt the IHRA definition of anti-Semitism themselves
- take steps to protect their Jewish communities from hate crimes and hate speech
- support law enforcements efforts to investigate and follow-through on anti-Semitic attacks
- promote Holocaust education in schools
- consider appointing national coordinators to combat anti-Semitism
- condemn publicly anti-Semitic acts and statements
The adoption of the resolution was praised by international Jewish groups, including the European Jewish Congress.
The IHRA working definition of anti-Semitism, which was adopted by all 31 EU member countries, reads as follows:
Antisemitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of antisemitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities.
Source: Zieve, Tamara.
EU Parliament votes in favor of Anti-Semitism definition, Jerusalem Post (June 1, 2017);